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Heave Plates with Holes for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines


The paper presents an innovative solution which is heave plates with holes. The long-known heave plates are designed to damp the heave motion of platforms. They are most often used for Spar platforms. The growing interest in this type of platform as supporting structures for offshore wind turbines makes it necessary to look for new solutions. Based on the available literature and the authors’ own research, it was concluded that the main element responsible for the damping of heave plates is not so much the surface of the plate, but its edge. Therefore, it was decided to investigate the effect of the holes in heave plates on their damping coefficient. Model tests and CFD calculations were performed for three different structures: a smooth cylinder, a cylinder with heave plates with a diameter of 1.4 times the diameter of the cylinder, and a cylinder with the same plate, in which 24 holes were cut (Fig. 1). Free Decay Tests (FDT) were used to determine the damping coefficient and the natural period of heave, and then the values obtained were compared. The full and punched heave-plate designs were also tested with regular waves of different periods to obtain amplitude characteristics. The results obtained are not unequivocal, as a complex motion appears here; however, it is possible to clearly define the area in which the damping of a plate with holes is greater than that of a full plate.


spar platforms, heave plates, damping coefficient, Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWTs)


Vol. 29 No. 1 (2022)
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  • Ewelina Ciba

    Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
  • Paweł Dymarski

    Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
  • Mirosław Grygorowicz

    Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

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