Multi-objective optimization of high speed vehicle-passenger catamaran by genetic algorithm Part I Theoretical background on evolutionary multi-objective optimization
Real ship structural design problems are usually characterized by presence of many conflicting objectives. Simultaneously, a complete definition of the optimal structural design requires a formulation of size-topology-shape-material optimization task unifying the optimization problems from these four areas and giving an effective solution of this problem. So far, a significant progress towards the solution of this problem has not been obtained. An objective of the present paper was to develop an evolutionary algorithm for multi objective optimization of the structural elements of the large spatial sections of ships. Selected elements of the multi-criteria optimization theory have been presented in details. Methods for solution of the multi-criteria optimization problems have been discussed with the focus on the evolutionary optimization algorithms. In the paper an evolutionary algorithm where selection takes place based on the aggregated objective function combined with domination attributes as well as distance to the asymptotic solution is proposed and applied to solve the problem of optimizing structural elements with respect to their weight and surface area on a high speed vehicle-passenger catamaran structure with several design variables, such as plate thickness, scantlings of longitudinal stiffeners and transverse frames, and spacing between longitudinals and transversal members. Details of the computational models were at the level typical for conceptual design. Scantlings were analyzed using the selected rules of a classification society. The results of numerical experiments with the use of the developed algorithm are presented. They show that the proposed genetic algorithm can be an efficient multi-objective optimization tool for ship structures optimization. The paper will be published in three parts: Part I: Theoretical background on evolutionary multi-objective optimization, Part II: Computational investigations, and Part III: Analysis of the results.
Keywords:ship structure, multi-objective optimization, evolutionary algorithm, genetic algorithm, Pareto domination, set of non-dominated solutions
- Vol. 18 No. 2(69) (2011)
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