INDICES FOR ASSESSING POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD FROM FUTURE SHIP SCRAPPING PROCESS, DETERMINABLE IN SHIP DESIGN STAGE
This paper shortly presents the issue of utilization of ships after their withdrawal from service. Information on number of floating units liquidated in previous years was presented. Hazards to the environment, health and life of workers employed in the Far East ship scrapping yards operating on the beaches, were indicated. Then, the most important rules which have to make the ship recycling process safe were referred to. This author proposed to supplement the rules by environmental hazard indices which would be determined already in ship design stage. According to the concept the indices should take into account amount of dangerous substances used for building the ship as well as degree of their harmfulness (weighing factors). Two approaches to the issue of determining the weighing factors were proposed: deterministic and fuzzy.
Keywords:ship utilization, safety, environmental protection, safety indices, weighing factors
- Vol. 25 No. S1(97) (2018)
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