CONCEPT OF VIBROACOUSTIC DIAGNOSTICS OF THE FUEL INJECTION AND ELECTRONIC CYLINDER LUBRICATION SYSTEMS OF MARINE DIESEL ENGINES
Although direct measurements of the fuel injection pressure and the travel of the injector needle in conjunction with measurements of the valve train mechanism timing can provide complete diagnostic information about the technical conditions of the fuel injection and valve train systems, this requires the installation of sensors and other equipment directly into the systems, which is possible within research laboratories but is generally forbidden during operation of the ship. Malfunctions in the fuel injection and valve train systems can also be identified from the indicator diagrams of an engine operating cycle, expressed as P(V) and P(deg) diagrams. The basic parameters of the engine operating cycle, such as the maximum combustion pressure Pmax, compression pressure Pcompr, and indicated mean effective pressure IMEP, can also be used to indicate deviations from proper engine operation. Using a combination of a vibration sensor with an in-cylinder gas pressure sensor widens the capabilities of diagnostics for marine diesel engines under operational conditions. A vibration sensor with a magnetic base can help in determining the timings of the lifting and landing of the injector needle, fuel delivery by the fuel injection pump, opening and closing of the circulation of heated heavy fuel oil, and opening and closing of the gas distribution valves. This also offers a promising solution for diagnostics of the cylinder lubrication oil injectors. The proposed approach allows valuable information to be received during engine operation in accordance with the principle of non-destructive control, and can help in early detection of possible engine malfunctions.
Keywords:low-speed two-stroke engines, fuel injection system, electronic cylinder lubrication system
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