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Application of artificial neural networks in the development of the PM10 air pollution prediction system


This article presents research on the model of forecasting the average daily air pollution levels focused mainly on two solutions, artificial neural networks: the NARX model and the LSTM model. The research used an air quality monitoring system. This system includes individually designed and implemented sensors to measure the concentration of pollutants such as PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NO2 and to record weather conditions such as temperature, humidity, pressure, wind strength and speed. Data is sent to a central database server based on the MQTT protocol. Additional weather information in the area covered by pollution monitoring is collected from the weather services of the IMGW and The artificial neural network models were built in the MATLAB environment, the process of learning neural networks was performed and the results of pollution prediction for the level of PM10 dust were tested. The models showed good and acceptable results when forecasting the state of PM10 dust concentration in the next 24 hours. The LSTM prediction model were more accurate than the NARX model. The future work will be related to the use of artificial intelligence algorithms to predict the concentration of other harmful substances, e.g. PM2.5, NO2, SO2 etc. A very important task in the future will be to frame the entire system of monitoring and predicting smog in a given area.




Vol. 27 No. 1 (2023)
Research article
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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