THE PRONATALIST POLICY IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF GLOBAL TRENDS OF DECLINING FERTILITY
Background and Objective: A steady decline in fertility is a problem in most developed and developing countries of the world, including the Republic of Belarus. This process has negative consequences, including a decrease in the number of employed people, demographic aging, and even the threat of extinction of nations. The purpose of the article is to identify the position of the Republic of Belarus in the global trends in the birth rate, to determine measures to stimulate the birth rate at the macro and micro levels, taking into account international practice.
Materials and methods: To achieve the goal, a spatial and temporal comparative analysis was used, which made it possible to statistically prove the presence of a downward trend in the birth rate in the world, individual regions and the Republic of Belarus for 1950–2019, as well as the formation of a whole cluster of countries where simple reproduction of the population is not ensured. In addition, an assessment was made of the degree of use of the reproductive potential of Belarusian women. The analysis is based on the statistical data of the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus, the World Bank.
Results: The authors made an analytical review of modern pronatalist policy measures and determined the possible effect of their use. As a result of the analysis, the need to intensify the pronatalist policy in Belarus is proved, taking into account the positive and negative experience of developed countries as part of the shift in emphasis from financial to non-financial measures, as well as activating demographic policy at the micro level.
Practical implication: The results of the analysis will be useful for the development of new directions of pronatalist policy.
Conclusion and summary: The Republic of Belarus is among the countries with a very low
birth rate. The solution to this problem is possible due to the introduction in practice of new
non-traditional methods of pronatalist policy at the micro and macro levels.
Keywords:birth rate, pronatalist policy, measures to increase the birth rate at the macro and micro levels
- Vol. 2 No. 35 (2022):
- Research article
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